The “New Terrorism”

The situation in Saudi Arabia’s eastern province has been tense for months. At least six people have been killed since November. The government repeatedly said the unrest in Qatif is backed by an unnamed foreign power, widely understood to mean Iran. The government refuses to acknowledge the protests in Qatif. Instead they call them ‘riots.’

“We do have evidence of a relationship with somebody else abroad,” Interior Ministry spokesman Major General Mansour al-Turki told a news conference last month when he announced that the ministry ordered the arrest of 23 men in Qatif who it said were responsible for unrest.

Some people noted how the government used to make similar announcements during the confrontations with Al Qaeda few years ago. While this announcement was very similar in style and presentation, the government kept referring to the recent unrest as “riots” but stopped short of calling it “terrorism.”

Until today.

The state news agency published a statement by an unnamed source at the Interior Ministry this morning saying “what is being committed by this small minority is new terrorism that the government has the right to confront like it has done before” with Al Qaeda attacks. A reporter for Arab News tweeted that the unnamed source is actually al-Turki.

Saudi MOI. Photo credit: Paul Tupman

This statement comes as a response to a Friday sermon by Sheikh Hassan al-Saffar, the most prominent Shia leader in the country. In his sermon, al-Saffar said he rejects the use of violence by protesters against security forces, but at the same time he condemned the excessive use of force by the police. “Those are citizens, Muslims and humans. Their souls are dear and their lives are precious. The state is responsible for their lives and blood,” he said.

Obviously, the government could not accept this kind of language even coming from a moderate like al-Saffar and felt compelled to send a strong message. Security forces will confront the situation “with determination and force and with an iron first,” the statement said.

Al-Saffar has played in important role in mediating between the government and the Shia community since he returned to the country in the early 1990’s after years in exile. However, it seems that his role has been marginalized as young people decided to take matters into their hands by taking to the street, and also because the government chose to deal with the unrest heavy-handedly.

The Interior Ministry dismissed al-Saffar’s comparison of the situation to what is happening in neighboring countries, where governments are killing their own people. Saudi security forces are simply “acting in self-defense,” the ministry said.

So the ministry is basically saying the killings in Qatif happen when security forces defend themselves against terrorist attacks incited by foreign parties. Haven’t we heard this line before? Help me here: Was it Syria? Or Bahrain?

But the above questions are not important. The important questions are: How can this escalation in rhetoric by the government help to ease the tension? How do they plan to do that without allies like al-Saffar? Will the iron fist option work?

I don’t know the answers, but Toby C. Jones and Madawi al-Rasheed, two academics who wrote extensively about Saudi Arabia, had this interesting exchange earlier today on Twitter:

5 thoughts on “The “New Terrorism”

  1. Call me cynical, but it seems there may be a correlation between Muslim ‘schools of thought’ and the response to whether these people being killed are ‘terrorists’ or ‘freedom fighters’.

  2. I remember a long long time ago learning something about an iron fist and the former Soviet Union which drowned under it’s own weight. Iron is a heavy metal perhaps a feather duster would be more effective. I don’t know. And Saudi officials crack me up when they start calling everyone a terrorist…

    People who seeks human rights and justice ARE now terrrorists…
    This rhetoriic is what we are seeing with governments that are falling. I would kindly suggest a different and lighter approach lest they DROWN like Pharaoh did under the weight of his IRON fist of which he enslaved people.

    I am a Human Rights Terrrorist. Guilty! Oh the pain and how we cause to be humane!

  3. If there would be a Human Rights Terrrorists list I would gladly sign up to be first on the most wanted list!

    Listen “I’m loud like a superball kickoff. My slab gotta a lot of niggas pissed off.”

    They went after grandma but she shot up 90% of them before they got away and the Africans were like we want you to escape and the children were safe. I tired of running after people’s shape shifting cats (13 years old) and saving their asses. This paragraph is channelled. I have no idea what it means. It was all a dream. HAHAH LOL

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